Commands for saving and loading images:
docker save imageID > filename
docker load < filename
Images saved through the image command will save the operation history and can be rolled back to previous versions.
Commands for saving and loading containers:
docker export containID > filename
docker import filename [newname]
Images saved through containers will not save the operation history, so the file size is smaller.
If you want to run an image loaded through a container, you need to add relevant commands when running.
For example, if I load an Ubuntu system image through a container, the command to run it is:
docker run -it ubuntu:container /bin/bash
This will enter the terminal of the Ubuntu system.